Tag Archives: student

New Podcast Episode – Heart Murmurs

Hey everyone!

Please go check out the latest Medical Minded podcast episode Heart Murmurs – MS, MR, MVP, AS and AR. This podcast is an expansion on the concepts presented in the Introduction to Heart Sounds episode, so make sure if checked it out if you haven’t already. In this latest episodes I discuss mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse, aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation. If you plan on only learning the basics of heart murmurs, these are the 5 you need to know!

Also, if there is one thing that I can’t reiterate enough about learning this stuff it’s to develop an understanding of the underlying concepts. If you learn the basic principles, the heart sounds will make sense. You should be able to work out why each sound happens if you truly understand the material. Remember, you need a solid foundation to build a house!


New Podcast Episode – Introduction to Heart Sounds

Check out the latest episode of the Medical Minded Podcast that provides an introduction to heart sounds!

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Also, please leave a review and/or submit any suggestions for future episodes. Thanks!

Patient History Cheat Sheet!

Here’s a “cheat sheet” that I came up with during 1st year for taking a full patient history. I figure it may be helpful for any premeds or 1st years out there. There are some fun rhymes and mnemonics for remembering everything. It’s not something I expect everyone to find useful, but hopefully it helps some of you out!

HPI Cheat Sheet

Stop Highlighting That Textbook!

Have you ever read through your textbook, highlighted “important” information, and then reviewed your highlights to study for an exam?




Some studies show as many as 80% of students use this method as their primary mode of studying and it also happens to be one of the most ineffective ways to study!

For a while now I’ve had an interest in memory techniques and the efficiency of learning. Lately, I’ve become somewhat obsessed! If I were to recommend one book to everyone, it would be Make it Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A McDaniel. The book has some phenomenal information regarding learning and is helpful to people of all ages. It was the source of the introductory information regarding highlighting as well. Apparently, highlighting is not only time-consuming and ineffective, it also creates a false sense of knowing the material since you familiarize yourself with the words. Instead, you should force yourself to recall the information without reading it again (flashcards, creating outlines from memory, etc.). Obviously, you can’t always remember everything and will need to go back to review certain material. However, the stuff you do remember will “stick” better if more effort is required to recall it. This is just the tip of the iceberg in regards to helpful information in the above book, so like I said, you should definitely check it out.

Most of the books I’ve been reading lately deal with the science behind effective learning, speed reading, memory palaces, mnemonics, etc. and I honestly can’t get enough. In the coming weeks I should definitely have some update recommendations. I’m currently even enrolled in an online course that teaches speed reading, and I have high hopes for it. I generally read at about 300 WPM with 80% retention and have a goal of 500 WPM within the next couple months while keeping retention at 80-90%. I’ll be sure to keep everyone updated and recommend the course if it works out!

However, it’s the last few weeks of the semester for medical school as well, so hopefully I’ll be able to keep up with everything!

Pathology Website – Great Resource!

I’ve stumbled upon the website www.pathologystudent.com on a couple occasions now via Google search. Although I haven’t used the website extensively yet, it seems like a great resource for learning pathology. There are blog posts, free resources and paid resources available. I recommend checking it out if you haven’t already!

Double Mastectomy Doesn’t Boost Survival For Most

According a a recent AP article by Lindsey Tanner, a double mastectomy (removal of both breasts) as treatment for breast cancer does not increase chances of survival. Many women are choosing to undergo double mastectomies as opposed to a lumpectomy + radiation therapy. Some key points of the study include:

  • A double mastectomy is an increasingly frequent treatment that is both expensive and risky
  • 10-year survival rates of lumpectomies + radiation compared to double mastectomies were almost identical (~82%).
  • Other studies have shown that patients with strong genetic inheritance factors may still have improved survival outcomes with double mastectomy treatment.

With the rising frequency of women undergoing double mastectomies, this is definitely a topic that needs further investigation. It actually reminds my of a book I read that discussed the widespread use of radical mastectomies before it was realized that a radical mastectomy was an unnecessarily extensive treatment that yielded no improvement in outcome. I suggest others take a look into the history of breast cancer treatment after reading this interesting article.

7 Factors to Improve Blood Pressure Readings

A recent AMA Wire article discussed seven ways to improve blood pressure readings. Although the factors may seem arbitrary at first glance, they have been shown to significantly impact results.

Check out the article through the link above or at least give the following image a quick glance.

Common Problems to Elevated BP

Cytokine Cartoons for Immunology

Here are a couple cytokines cartoons that I created during my immunology/microbiology course. I’ll include them in the resources page as well for future reference. I understand you may find some variability in the functions of the shown cytokines, but I primarily used First Aid and BRS as my reference materials. These cartoons definitely helped make things stick for me so hopefully they help others as well!

Immunology Cartoon 1 Immunology Cartoon 2

New Podcast Episode & Artwork

Medical Minded Logo

A new podcast episode has been posted that covers tetanus and botulism.  Also, I reworked the podcast artwork and came up with the image shown above. Please check out the podcast and let me know what you think!

Medical Minded Podcast

The Medical Minded Podcast is official!

MedMinded Logo

I encourage everyone to visit here or go to the iTunes store and a quick search should should allow you to find it. The iTunes artwork isn’t currently working, but I’ve made adjustments so hopefully it gets updated in the next few days.

The current “test” podcast is over the pathogenic Bacillus species of bacteria and I intend to continue making more educational-based podcasts. However, if anyone has suggestions for subject matter they’d like to be covered just let me know! I’d really like some input!

This applies to premeds, med students or anyone else! It can be over educational material, writing essays, application processes, research or anything else you can think of. Hopefully I’ll know the answer and if not, I will do my best to come up with an answer!

To summarize in a few words:

Comments, suggestions, and questions are highly welcomed and encouraged!


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